Optimised Feeding

image Coperion (Stuttgart, Germany) has developed the so called Feed Enhancement Technology (FET). The basic principle: the feeding zone is equipped with a porous, gas permeable wall section to which a vacuum is applied externally. Intermediate particle air is sucked out of the powdered bulk material through this section. This compacting of the loose material reliably raises the feeding capacity by a factor of two to three whilst maintaining unchanged high product quality.

FET is suitable not only for the feeding zone of the ZSK twin screw extruder, but also for the ZS-B twin screw side feeder that doses powder materials directly into the melt. A ZS-B twin screw side feeder with FET will be on show on the Coperion booth at K 2010 (Oct. 27 to Nov. 3, 2010 in Düsseldorf, Germany). image

The most important advantages of FET for feed limited compounding processes are: less investment cost, lower specific energy input, cheaper fillers, improved compound quality, less dust and larger processing window in respect of the feeding zone limit. The FET system has proven itself on many new Coperion machines since its market launch. A ZSK twin screw extruder with 240 mm screw diameter for the processing of polyolefin powders was fitted with an FET system. This increased throughput from 14 to 17 t/h, that is a 20% improvement. At its pilot faculties of the Innovation Headquarters in Linz, Austria, Borealis uses a very fine talc, which has a tendency to bridge, to manufacture talc filled compounds. With the help of FET it was possible to raise the throughput by up to 200% and realise a cost effective debottlenecking. Another compound manufacturer achieved a significant performance image increase with FET on a ZSK 92. At 20% by weight of talc the throughput rose from 2.4 to 3.3 t/h, that is 40%, and with 48% loading from 1.1 to 1.4 t/h (+ 30%). In extensive tests on a ZSK 40 and a ZSK 50 with various talc grades throughput improvements of up to 300% were achieved. Further successes with other additives were also possible: trials on a ZSK 40 resulted in a 55% increase in throughput with flame retardants and with graphite
by as much as 200%. On a ZSK 76 MEGAvolume PLUS used to manufacture polypropylene with micro hollow spheres the ZS-B 92 side feeder was fitted with FET. This allowed a 40% increase in throughput. On two further compounding lines for the manufacture of halogen free flame retardant (HFFR) cable compounds the FET system was installed upstream. On both lines, a ZSK 76 MEGAvolume PLUS and a ZSK 92 MEGAcompounder PLUS, back venting was no longer necessary. In addition the throughput of the ZSK 92 MEGAcompounder PLUS was raised from 1.4 to 2.2 t/h, that is 57%.